Hva er elilegt veurfar...?

ChristmasCarol (1)

Christmas Carol ea Jlavintri eftir Charles Dickens kom t um mija 19. ld,
en var 0,8 grum kaldara en dag.
Sagan gerist sustu ratugum Litlu saldar.



Er loftslag elilegt eins og a var fyrir 100 til 150 rum? a felst kenningunni um skalegar loftslagsbreytingar, .e. hlnun fr essu tmabili. Jrin hefur hlna um 0,75 grur.

essu felst einnig a loftslag hafi veri elilegt eim tma mean losun manna koltvsringi var enn veruleg.

hadcrut4_annual_global
Breska veurstofan Met Office: Hnattrnar breytingar hita fr 1850 til 2013. Sustu ratugir 19. aldar tilheyra Litlu sldinni svoklluu.
Taki eftir grnnu strigunum sem ganga upp og niur r hverjum mlipunkti. au tkna vissubil ess punkts. Lengst til hgri er vissubili +/-0,1, en lengst til vinstri +/-0,2.

Samkvmt mlingum er tali a hitastig jarar hafi hkka um v sem nst 0,75C san um 1850. Kannski er a 0,8 afrnna, en a skiptir litlu mli v vissumrkin eru samkvmt ferlinum +/-0,2. Hvers vegna 1850? J a er vegna ess a smilega reianlegar eldri mlingar lofthita eru ekki til. var Litlu sldinni ekki loki. Verulegur hluti essa tmabils, um a bil hlf ld, tilheyrir Litlu sldinni. Skekkir a ekki aeins myndina? "Fr upphafi inbyltingar (um 1750) hefur hlna jrinni" m lesa Vsindavefnum. S essi tmi notaur sem vimi, tilheyra hvorki meira n minna en 150 r Litlu sldinni!

Menn hafa af v miklar hyggjur a mealhiti jarar hafi hkka um v sem nst 0,8 grur 150 rum? Hver vill fullyra a um 1850, sustu ratugum Litlu saldar, hafi veurfar veri rtt og ll hkkun hita san s rng og httuleg? a merkilega er a etta er kjarninn umrunni um loftslagsmlin.

(Aeins er reiki vi hvaa tma hitahkkunin er miu. Stundum 1860, stundum 1880 og stundum 1910. essu sambandi skiptir aekki mli, v allt eru etta tmar sem tilheyra kuldatmabili Litlu saldar eins og greinilegt er ef myndin er skou. a erueinnigskiptar skoanir um a hvenr Litlu sldinni lauk. slenskir jklar gengu lengst fram tmabilinu 1890-1920, sj hr. Sumir mia vi 1850, en arir ekki fyrr en 1920).

Vi sjum greinilega hitaferlinum fr Bresku Veurstofunnia Litlu sldinni lkur ekki fyrr en um 1920, verur mjg hr hlnun fram a 1945, san kyrrstaa til um 1975 er hitinn fer a rsa hratt til rsins 2000, og a lokum kyrrstaa til dagsins dag.

Eftirtektarvert er a tmabilinu 1920 til 1945 er lka hr og lka mikil hkkun hitastigi og tmabilinu 1975 til 2000. Hvort tveggja 25 ra tmabil. a er umhugsunarvert a losun manna koltvsringi var tiltlulega ltil fyrr en eftir mija sustu ld er losunin fr hratt vaxandi. Sj lnuriti me CO2 hr fyrir nean. a flkir auvita mli dlti. Var a kannski nttran sem var a verki fyrra tmabilinu og mannflki hinu sara? Ea nttran einhvern tt hitabreytingunum yfir allt tmabili?

Vi tkum eftir v myndinni fr Bresku veurstofunni (Met Office) hr fyrir ofan a mealhitinn yfir allt tmabili er nokkurn vegin s sami og mldist kyrrstunni 1945-1975. Reyndar er lrtta lnan vi 0,0C rltiofar. Vri ekki elilegra a mia hkkun lofthitans vi a tmabil frekar en Litlu sldina eins og gert er? vri hkkunin sem vi vrum me hyggjur af um a bil 0,5 sta 0,8. a munar um minna. Svo er ekki tiloka a einhver hluti essara 0,5 gra su elilegar sveiflur nttrunni.

fyrirsgn essa pistils stendur: Hva er elilegt veurfar? Er a eins og a er dag, eins og um mija sustu ld, ea eins og tmum Charles Dickens?

Svo virist sem margir (flestir?) vilji a hnattrnt loftslag veri aftur eins og a var sustu ratugum Litlu saldar, .e. eim rum sem fjldi slendinga hlt til vesturheims leit a betra lfi, en a er nnur saga...

CO2-1750 (1)
Styrkur koltvsrings (CO2) andrmsloftinu san ri 1750.

A lokum er til hlisjnar ferill sem snir hitafar sustu 2000 ra. (Loehle 2008):

hitafar-jardar-2000-ar_876926


mbl.is a er ekkert plan B
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

lafur Jhann lafsson: Betra efni forseta get g ekki hugsa mr...

OlafurJohannOlafsson2011JPVsvhv

Einn er s maur sem gti veri mikill fengur a f sem forseta slands.
a er lafur Jhann lafsson rithfundur me meiru.

Hann lauk prfi me li sem elisfringur fr Brandeis University tjari Boston Bandarkjunum 1985. Hann hf strf hj Sony Bandarkjunum strax a loknu nmi. Tu rum sar var hann kjrinn astoarforstjri fyrirtkisins og forstjri margmilunardeildar ess. ri 1996 hf hann strf hj fjrfestingarfyrirtkinu Advanta og var san rinn annar tveggja yfirmanna Time Warner Digital Media 1999.

lafur Jhann var mikill nmsmaur og miklum metum hj prfessorum Brandeis hsklans, enda komst hann strax a nmi loknu til metora hj strfyrirtkjum. lafur er eins og flestir vita einnig ekktur rithfundur og me einstaklega ga framkomu. Hann er jafnvgur raunvsindi og hugvsindi. Betra efni forseta get g varla hugsa mr.

Nnar um laf Jhann hr:

Myndin af lafi Jhanni var fengina lni me bessaleyfi af vef Forlagsins. g vona mr fyrirgefist a hafa ekki bei um leyfi.Textinn ber ess vntanlega merki a hafa a hluta veri fenginn a lni smu kjrum af vefjum Borgarbkasafnsins og Forlagsins.

www.forlagi.is


"Heilmikil hafsmyndun og sinn nlgast..."

a er auvita sjlfsagt a fylgjast me landsins forna fjarna.
Enn sem komi er heldur hann sig fjarri, en hver veit hvernig staan verur nstu rum...?

Myndirnar eru fr Dnsku veurstofunni DMI.

icecover_current 20nov2015

http://ocean.dmi.dk/arctic/old_icecover.uk.php

icecover_current 20nov2015-crop

Klippt r efstu myndinni

icecover_current_new

http://ocean.dmi.dk/arctic/icecover.uk.php

Uppfrt 25. nvember: dag birtist loksins nr ferill vef DMI eftir 12 daga hl. Hann er dagsettur 24/11/15. Ferillinn sem varorinn vikugamall egar pistillinn var skrifaur 20. nvember hefur v veri uppfrur.

Sj njustu tgfu beggja ferlanna me v a smella krkjurnar undir eim.

Uppfrt 22. nvember: Myndin hr a ofan hefur veri breytt hj DMI san 13/11/15, sem bendir til einhverrar bilunar.

Hafis

Frtt Morgunblasins 20. nvember 2015


mbl.is Hafsinn nlgast
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Jrgen Peder Steffensen hj Niels Bohr Institute: Hlrra Grnlandi fyrir rsundi en dag og mgulegt a dma um hvort hlindin n su nttruleg ea af mannavldum...

Jrgen Peder Steffensen jarelisfringur og lektor hj Niels Bohr Institutet, Kbenhavns Universitet fjallar essu stutta en frlega myndbandi um rannsknir borkjrnum fr Grnlandsjkli.

Dr.JrgenPeder Steffensenhefur meal annars starfa miki me slenska elis- og jklafringnum Dr.Sigfsi Johnsen.

Hann frir okkur meal annars v a fyrir rsundi hafi hitinn Grnlandi veri 1,5 grum hrri en dag, og a mjg erfitt s a sna fram hvort nverndi hlindi stafi af mannavldum ea eigi sr nttrulegar orsakir.

Myndbandi er 4 mntur a lengd. a er frlegt a heyra hva essi virti vsindamaurhefur a segja.

- Fyrir rsundi var hitinn Grnlandi 1,5 grum hrri en dag.

- Hann var ef til vill 2.5 C hrri fyrir 4000 rum.

- Rannsknir var heiminum styja essa mynd.

- Mjg erfitt a sna fram hvort nverndi hlindi stafi af mannavldum ea eigi sr nttrulegar orsakir

lev42_central_topbanner


Hafsinn minnir sig. Meiri en sustu r...

DMI-icecover_current-20oct2015

DMI-icecover_current-20oct2015-cropcrop

myndinni m sj tbreislu hafss norurslum dag 20. oktber. Eins og sj m svarta ferlinum mlist tbreislan meiri en flest sastliin 10 r.

Neri myndin er stkku rklippa r eirri efri.

Ferillinn er fr HafsdeildDnsku Veurstofunnar DMI, en ar birtist daglega nr ferill.

a er greinilegt eins og staan er dag, a hafsinn er ekkert a hverfa. Ferillinn gefur ekki neina vsbendingu um run nstu daga, mnui ea r, en frlegt verur a fylgjast me hva er seyi me v a smella hr og hr.

Ef vi rnum ferlana sjum vi a brnunartmabili undanfarna mnui viriststyttra en nnur undanfarinn ratug, lgmarki byrjun september fyrr ferinni og aukningin undanfarnar vikur hraari en ur mia vi ferla sustu 10 ra. Kannski bara tilviljun?

ykkt hafssins skiptir lka mli. nstu mynd sst a n (raui ferillinn) er ykktin meiri en 2004, 2009, 2010, 2011 og 2013.

Heimild: Polar Science Centerhr.

Bpiomas_plot_daily_heff.2sst

Sjlfsagt kjsa flestir a hafsinn veri sem minnstur og alls ekki a hann gerist nrgngull vi okkur eins og sast gerist hafsrunum um 1970. En er a n alveg vst a vi getum stla a siglingar um norurshafi veri raunhfar og a umskipunarhfn Finnafiriveri a veruleika? Er alveg vst a landsins forni fjandi heimski okkur ekki einhvern tman nstu rum? Spyr s sem ekki veit...


Mgnu ra Dr. Patrick Moore stofnanda Greenpeace...

Dr. Patrick Moore umhverfisfringur, stofnandiGreenpeace, hlt sustu vikumagnaanfyrirlestur. Myndband er hr fyrir nean, en prentaa tgfu m lesa near sunni ea me v a smellahr.

Dr. Patrick Moorevar mjg virkur aktvisti yngri rum, meal annars skipinu Rainbow Warrior sem vi munum flest eftir.

Svo ttai hann sig a hann og flagar hans vru villigtum og snri vi blainu...

Patrick Moore rir hr uppvaxtarr sn og sklagngu og tma sem hann starfai me Greenpeace eftir a hann tk tt stofnun samtakanna, svo og hvers vegna hann yfirgaf samtkin. San fjallar hann um koltvsring jarsgunni og bendir msar jkvar hliar mlsins, en koltvsringur er undirstaa alls lfs jrinni.

etta er einkar frlegt og vel ess viri a hlusta. neitanlega umhugsunarverur vinkill mli.



Mgnu ra hlain skynsemi: "Should We Celebrate Carbon Dioxide?

(Sj anna myndband nest sunni).

Hr er gmul vefsa fr Greenpeace.

The Founders of Greenpeace

Patrick Moore er annar fr vinstri efri r myndinni essari gmlu Greenpeace vefsu, sem er afritu hr fyrir nean.

crew-of-the-phyllis-cormack-f

Kjsi einhver a lesa frekar en a horfa, er fyrirlesturinn ea ran fr 14. oktber 2015 hr heild sinni:

My Lords and Ladies, Ladies and Gentlemen.

Thank you for the opportunity to set out my views on climate change. As I have stated publicly on many occasions, there is no definitive scientific proof, through real-world observation, that carbon dioxide is responsible for any of the slight warming of the global climate that has occurred during the past 300 years, since the peak of the Little Ice Age. If there were such a proof through testing and replication it would have been written down for all to see.

The contention that human emissions are now the dominant influence on climate is simply a hypothesis, rather than a universally accepted scientific theory. It is therefore correct, indeed verging on compulsory in the scientific tradition, to be skeptical of those who express certainty that the science is settled and the debate is over.

But there is certainty beyond any doubt that CO2 is the building block for all life on Earth and that without its presence in the global atmosphere at a sufficient concentration this would be a dead planet. Yet today our children and our publics are taught that CO2 is a toxic pollutant that will destroy life and bring civilization to its knees. Tonight I hope to turn this dangerous human-caused propaganda on its head. Tonight I will demonstrate that human emissions of CO2 have already saved life on our planet from a very untimely end. That in the absence of our emitting some of the carbon back into the atmosphere from whence it came in the first place, most or perhaps all life on Earth would begin to die less than two million years from today.

But first a bit of background.

I was born and raised in the tiny floating village of Winter Harbour on the northwest tip of Vancouver Island, in the rainforest by the Pacific. There was no road to my village so for eight years myself and a few other children were taken by boat each day to a one-room schoolhouse in the nearby fishing village. I didnt realize how lucky I was playing on the tide flats by the salmon-spawning streams in the rainforest, until I was sent off to boarding school in Vancouver where I excelled in science. I did my undergraduate studies at the University of British Columbia, gravitating to the life sciences biology, biochemistry, genetics, and forestry the environment and the industry my family has been in for more than 100 years. Then, before the word was known to the general public, I discovered the science of ecology, the science of how all living things are inter-related, and how we are related to them. At the height of the Cold War, the Vietnam War, the threat of all-out nuclear war and the newly emerging consciousness of the environment I was transformed into a radical environmental activist. While doing my PhD in ecology in 1971 I joined a group of activists who had begun to meet in the basement of the Unitarian Church, to plan a protest voyage against US hydrogen bomb testing in Alaska.

We proved that a somewhat rag-tag looking group of activists could sail an old fishing boat across the north Pacific ocean and help change the course of history. We created a focal point for the media to report on public opposition to the tests.

When that H-bomb exploded in November 1971, it was the last hydrogen bomb the United States ever detonated. Even though there were four more tests planned in the series, President Nixon canceled them due to the public opposition we had helped to create. That was the birth of Greenpeace.

Flushed with victory, on our way home from Alaska we were made brothers of the Namgis Nation in their Big House at Alert Bay near my northern Vancouver Island home. For Greenpeace this began the tradition of the Warriors of the Rainbow, after a Cree Indian legend that predicted the coming together of all races and creeds to save the Earth from destruction. We named our ship the Rainbow Warrior and I spent the next fifteen years in the top committee of Greenpeace, on the front lines of the environmental movement as we evolved from that church basement into the worlds largest environmental activist organization.

Next we took on French atmospheric nuclear testing in the South Pacific. They proved a bit more difficult than the US nuclear tests. It took years to eventually drive these tests underground at Mururoa Atoll in French Polynesia. In 1985, under direct orders from President Mitterrand, French commandos bombed and sank the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland Harbour, killing our photographer. Those protests continued until long after I left Greenpeace. It wasnt until the mid-1990s that nuclear testing finally ended in the South Pacific, and it most other parts of the world as well.

Going back to 1975, Greenpeace set out to save the whales from extinction at the hands of huge factory whaling fleets. We confronted the Soviet factory whaling fleet in the North Pacific, putting ourselves in front of their harpoons in our little rubber boats to protect the fleeing whales. This was broadcast on television news around the world, bringing the Save the Whales movement into everyones living rooms for the first time. After four years of voyages, in 1979 factory whaling was finally banned in the North Pacific, and by 1981 in all the worlds oceans.

In 1978 I sat on a baby seal off the East Coast of Canada to protect it from the hunters club. I was arrested and hauled off to jail, the seal was clubbed and skinned, but a photo of me being arrested while sitting on the baby seal appeared in more than 3000 newspapers around the world the next morning. We won the hearts and minds of millions of people who saw the baby seal slaughter as outdated, cruel, and unnecessary.

Why then did I leave Greenpeace after 15 years in the leadership? When Greenpeace began we had a strong humanitarian orientation, to save civilization from destruction by all-out nuclear war. Over the years the peace in Greenpeace was gradually lost and my organization, along with much of the environmental movement, drifted into a belief that humans are the enemies of the earth. I believe in a humanitarian environmentalism because we are part of nature, not separate from it. The first principle of ecology is that we are all part of the same ecosystem, as Barbara Ward put it, One human family on spaceship Earth, and to preach otherwise teaches that the world would be better off without us. As we shall see later in the presentation there is very good reason to see humans as essential to the survival of life on this planet.

In the mid 1980s I found myself the only director of Greenpeace International with a formal education in science. My fellow directors proposed a campaign to ban chlorine worldwide, naming it The Devils Element. I pointed out that chlorine is one of the elements in the Periodic Table, one of the building blocks of the Universe and the 11th most common element in the Earths crust. I argued the fact that chlorine is the most important element for public health and medicine. Adding chlorine to drinking water was the biggest advance in the history of public health and the majority of our synthetic medicines are based on chlorine chemistry. This fell on deaf ears, and for me this was the final straw. I had to leave.

When I left Greenpeace I vowed to develop an environmental policy that was based on science and logic rather than sensationalism, misinformation, anti-humanism and fear. In a classic example, a recent protest led by Greenpeace in the Philippines used the skull and crossbones to associate Golden Rice with death, when in fact Golden Rice has the potential to help save 2 million children from death due to vitamin A deficiency every year.

The Keeling curve of CO2 concentration in the Earths atmosphere since 1959 is the supposed smoking gun of catastrophic climate change. We presume CO2 was at 280 ppm at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, before human activity could have caused a significant impact. I accept that most of the rise from 280 to 400 ppm is caused by human CO2 emissions with the possibility that some of it is due to outgassing from warming of the oceans.

NASA tells us that Carbon Dioxide Controls Earths Temperature in child-like denial of the many other factors involved in climate change. This is reminiscent of NASAs contention that there might be life on Mars. Decades after it was demonstrated that there was no life on Mars, NASA continues to use it as a hook to raise public funding for more expeditions to the Red Planet. The promulgation of fear of Climate Change now serves the same purpose. As Bob Dylan prophetically pointed out, Money doesnt talk, it swears, even in one of the most admired science organizations in the world.

On the political front the leaders of the G7 plan to end extreme poverty and hunger by phasing out 85% of the worlds energy supply including 98% of the energy used to transport people and goods, including food. The Emperors of the world appear clothed in the photo taken at the close of the meeting but it was obviously Photo-shopped. They should be required to stand naked for making such a foolish statement.

The worlds top climate body, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change, is hopelessly conflicted by its makeup and it mandate. The Panel is composed solely of the World Meteorological Organization, weather forecasters, and the United Nations Environment Program, environmentalists. Both these organizations are focused primarily on short-term timescales, days to maybe a century or two. But the most significant conflict is with the Panels mandate from the United Nations. They are required only to focus on a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the atmosphere, and which is in addition to natural climate variability.
So if the IPCC found that climate change was not being affected by human alteration of the atmosphere or that it is not dangerous there would be no need for them to exist. They are virtually mandated to find on the side of apocalypse.

Scientific certainty, political pandering, a hopelessly conflicted IPCC, and now the Pope, spiritual leader of the Catholic Church, in a bold move to reinforce the concept of original sin, says the Earth looks like an immense pile of filth and we must go back to pre-industrial bliss, or is that squalor?

And then there is the actual immense pile of filth fed to us more than three times daily by the green-media nexus, a seething cauldron of imminent doom, like we are already condemned to Damnation in Hell and there is little chance of Redemption. I fear for the end of the Enlightenment. I fear an intellectual Gulag with Greenpeace as my prison guards.

Lets begin with our knowledge of the long-term history of the Earths temperature and of CO2 in the Earths atmosphere. Our best inference from various proxies back indicate that CO2 was higher for the first 4 billion years of Earths history than it has been since the Cambrian Period until today. I will focus on the past 540 million years since modern life forms evolved. It is glaringly obvious that temperature and CO2 are in an inverse correlation at least as often as they are in any semblance of correlation. Two clear examples of reverse correlation occurred 150 million years and 50 million years ago. At the end of the Jurassic temperature fell dramatically while CO2 spiked. During the Eocene Thermal Maximum, temperature was likely higher than any time in the past 550 million years while CO2 had been on a downward track for 100 million years. This evidence alone sufficient to warrant deep speculation of any claimed lock-step causal relationship between CO2 and temperature.

The Devonian Period beginning 400 million years ago marked the culmination of the invasion of life onto the land. Plants evolved to produce lignin, which in combination with cellulose, created wood which in turn for the first time allowed plants to grow tall, in competition with each other for sunlight. As vast forests spread across the land living biomass increased by orders of magnitude, pulling down carbon as CO2 from the atmosphere to make wood. Lignin is very difficult to break down and no decomposer species possessed the enzymes to digest it. Trees died atop one another until they were 100 metres or more in depth. This was the making of the great coal beds around the world as this huge store of sequestered carbon continued to build for 90 million years. Then, fortunately for the future of life, white rot fungi evolved to produce the enzymes that can digest lignin and coincident with that the coal-making era came to an end.

There was no guarantee that fungi or any other decomposer species would develop the complex of enzymes required to digest lignin. If they had not, CO2, which had already been drawn down for the first time in Earths history to levels similar to todays, would have continued to decline as trees continued to grow and die. That is until CO2 approached the threshold of 150 ppm below which plants begin first to starve, then stop growing altogether, and then die. Not just woody plants but all plants. This would bring about the extinction of most, if not all, terrestrial species, as animals, insects, and other invertebrates starved for lack of food. And that would be that. The human species would never have existed. This was only the first time that there was a distinct possibility that life would come close to extinguishing itself, due to a shortage of CO2, which is essential for life on Earth.

A well-documented record of global temperature over the past 65 million years shows that we have been in a major cooling period since the Eocene Thermal Maximum 50 million years ago. The Earth was an average 16C warmer then, with most of the increased warmth at the higher latitudes. The entire planet, including the Arctic and Antarctica were ice-free and the land there was covered in forest. The ancestors of every species on Earth today survived through what may have been the warmest time in the history of life. It makes one wonder about dire predictions that even a 2C rise in temperature from pre-industrial times would cause mass extinctions and the destruction of civilization. Glaciers began to form in Antarctica 30 million years ago and in the northern hemisphere 3 million years ago. Today, even in this interglacial period of the Pleistocene Ice Age, we are experiencing one of the coldest climates in the Earths history.

Coming closer to the present we have learned from Antarctic ice cores that for the past 800,000 years there have been regular periods of major glaciation followed by interglacial periods in 100,000 year-cycles. These cycles coincide with the Milankovitch cycles that are tied to the eccentricity of the Earths orbit and its axial tilt. It is highly plausible that these cycles are related to solar intensity and the seasonal distribution of solar heat on the Earths surface. There is a strong correlation between temperature and the level of atmospheric CO2 during these successive glaciations, indicating a possible cause-effect relationship between the two. CO2 lags temperature by an average of 800 years during the most recent 400,000-year period, indicating that temperature is the cause, as the cause never comes after the effect.

Looking at the past 50,000 years of temperature and CO2 we can see that changes in CO2 follow changes in temperature. This is as one could expect, as the Milankovitch cycles are far more likely to cause a change in temperature than a change in CO2. And a change in the temperature is far more likely to cause a change in CO2 due to outgassing of CO2 from the oceans during warmer times and an ingassing (absorption) of CO2 during colder periods. Yet climate alarmists persist in insisting that CO2 is causing the change in temperature, despite the illogical nature of that assertion.

It is sobering to consider the magnitude of climate change during the past 20,000 years, since the peak of the last major glaciation. At that time there were 3.3 kilometres of ice on top of what is today the city of Montreal, a city of more than 3 million people. 95% of Canada was covered in a sheet of ice. Even as far south as Chicago there was nearly a kilometre of ice. If the Milankovitch cycle continues to prevail, and there is little reason aside from our CO2 emissions to think otherwise, this will happen gradually again during the next 80,000 years. Will our CO2 emissions stave off another glaciation as James Lovelock has suggested? There doesnt seem to be much hope of that so far, as despite 1/3 of all our CO2 emissions being released during the past 18 years the UK Met Office contends there has been no statistically significant warming during this century.

At the height of the last glaciation the sea level was about 120 metres lower than it is today. By 7,000 years ago all the low-altitude, mid-latitude glaciers had melted. There is no consensus about the variation in sea level since then although many scientists have concluded that the sea level was higher than today during the Holocene Thermal optimum from 9,000 to 5,000 years ago when the Sahara was green. The sea level may also have been higher than today during the Medieval Warm Period.

Hundred of islands near the Equator in Papua, Indonesia, have been undercut by the sea in a manner that gives credence to the hypothesis that there has been little net change in sea level in the past thousands of years. It takes a long time for so much erosion to occur from gentle wave action in a tropical sea.

Coming back to the relationship between temperature and CO2 in the modern era we can see that temperature has risen at a steady slow rate in Central England since 1700 while human CO2 emissions were not relevant until 1850 and then began an exponential rise after 1950. This is not indicative of a direct causal relationship between the two. After freezing over regularly during the Little Ice Age the River Thames froze for the last time in 1814, as the Earth moved into what might be called the Modern Warm Period.

The IPCC states it is extremely likely that human emissions have been the dominant cause of global warming since the mid-20th century, that is since 1950. They claim that extremely means 95% certain, even though the number 95 was simply plucked from the air like an act of magic. And likely is not a scientific word but rather indicative of a judgment, another word for an opinion.

There was a 30-year period of warming from 1910-1940, then a cooling from 1940 to 1970, just as CO2 emissions began to rise exponentially, and then a 30-year warming from 1970-2000 that was very similar in duration and temperature rise to the rise from 1910-1940. One may then ask what caused the increase in temperature from 1910-1940 if it was not human emissions? And if it was natural factors how do we know that the same natural factors were not responsible for the rise between 1970-2000. You dont need to go back millions of years to find the logical fallacy in the IPCCs certainty that we are the villains in the piece.

Water is by far the most important greenhouse gas, and is the only molecule that is present in the atmosphere in all three states, gas, liquid, and solid. As a gas, water vapour is a greenhouse gas, but as a liquid and solid it is not. As a liquid water forms clouds, which send solar radiation back into space during the day and hold heat in at night. There is no possibility that computer models can predict the net effect of atmospheric water in a higher CO2 atmosphere. Yet warmists postulate that higher CO2 will result in positive feedback from water, thus magnifying the effect of CO2 alone by 2-3 times. Other scientists believe that water may have a neutral or negative feedback on CO2. The observational evidence from the early years of this century tends to reinforce the latter hypothesis.

How many politicians or members of the media or the public are aware of this statement about climate change from the IPCC in 2007?

we should recognise that we are dealing with a coupled nonlinear chaotic system, and therefore that the long-term prediction of future climate states is not possible.

There is a graph showing that the climate models have grossly exaggerated the rate of warming that confirms the IPCC statement. The only trends the computer models seem able to predict accurately are ones that have already occurred.

Coming to the core of my presentation, CO2 is the currency of life and the most important building block for all life on Earth. All life is carbon-based, including our own. Surely the carbon cycle and its central role in the creation of life should be taught to our children rather than the demonization of CO2, that carbon is a pollutant that threatens the continuation of life. We know for a fact that CO2 is essential for life and that it must be at a certain level in the atmosphere for the survival of plants, which are the primary food for all the other species alive today. Should we not encourage our citizens, students, teachers, politicians, scientists, and other leaders to celebrate CO2 as the giver of life that it is?

It is a proven fact that plants, including trees and all our food crops, are capable of growing much faster at higher levels of CO2 than present in the atmosphere today. Even at the todays concentration of 400 ppm plants are relatively starved for nutrition. The optimum level of CO2 for plant growth is about 5 times higher, 2000 ppm, yet the alarmists warn it is already too high. They must be challenged every day by every person who knows the truth in this matter. CO2 is the giver of life and we should celebrate CO2 rather than denigrate it as is the fashion today.

We are witnessing the Greening of the Earth as higher levels of CO2, due to human emissions from the use of fossil fuels, promote increased growth of plants around the world. This has been confirmed by scientists with CSIRO in Australia, in Germany, and in North America. Only half of the CO2 we are emitting from the use of fossil fuels is showing up in the atmosphere. The balance is going somewhere else and the best science says most of it is going into an increase in global plant biomass. And what could be wrong with that, as forests and agricultural crops become more productive?

All the CO2 in the atmosphere has been created by outgassing from the Earths core during massive volcanic eruptions. This was much more prevalent in the early history of the Earth when the core was hotter than it is today. During the past 150 million years there has not been enough addition of CO2 to the atmosphere to offset the gradual losses due to burial in sediments.

Lets look at where all the carbon is in the world, and how it is moving around.

Today, at just over 400 ppm CO2 there are 850 billion tons of CO2 in the atmosphere. By comparison, when modern life-forms evolved over 500 million years ago there was nearly 15,000 billion tons of CO2 in the atmosphere, 17 times todays level. Plants and soils combined contain more than 2,000 billion tons of carbon, more that twice as much as the entire global atmosphere. The oceans contain 38,000 billion tons of dissolved CO2, 45 times as much as in the atmosphere. Fossil fuels, which were made from plants that pulled CO2 from the atmosphere account for 5,000 10,000 billion tons of carbon, 6 12 times as much carbon as is in the atmosphere.

But the truly stunning number is the amount of carbon that has been sequestered from the atmosphere and turned into carbonaceous rocks. 100,000,000 billion tons, thats one quadrillion tons of carbon, have been turned into stone by marine species that learned to make armour-plating for themselves by combining calcium and carbon into calcium carbonate. Limestone, chalk, and marble are all of life origin and amount to 99.9% of all the carbon ever present in the global atmosphere. The white cliffs of Dover are made of the calcium carbonate skeletons of coccolithophores, tiny marine phytoplankton.

The vast majority of the carbon dioxide that originated in the atmosphere has been sequestered and stored quite permanently in carbonaceous rocks where it cannot be used as food by plants.

Beginning 540 million years ago at the beginning of the Cambrian Period many marine species of invertebrates evolved the ability to control calcification and to build armour plating to protect their soft bodies. Shellfish such as clams and snails, corals, coccolithofores (phytoplankton) and foraminifera (zooplankton) began to combine carbon dioxide with calcium and thus to remove carbon from the life cycle as the shells sank into sediments; 100,000,000 billion tons of carbonaceous sediment. It is ironic that life itself, by devising a protective suit of armour, determined its own eventual demise by continuously removing CO2 from the atmosphere. This is carbon sequestration and storage writ large. These are the carbonaceous sediments that form the shale deposits from which we are fracking gas and oil today. And I add my support to those who say, OK UK, get fracking.

The past 150 million years has seen a steady drawing down of CO2 from the atmosphere. There are many components to this but what matters is the net effect, a removal on average of 37,000 tons of carbon from the atmosphere every year for 150 million years. The amount of CO2 in the atmosphere was reduced by about 90% during this period. This means that volcanic emissions of CO2 have been outweighed by the loss of carbon to calcium carbonate sediments on a multi-million year basis.

If this trend continues CO2 will inevitably fall to levels that threaten the survival of plants, which require a minimum of 150 ppm to survive. If plants die all the animals, insects, and other invertebrates that depend on plants for their survival will also die.

How long will it be at the present level of CO2 depletion until most or all of life on Earth is threatened with extinction by lack of CO2 in the atmosphere?

During this Pleistocene Ice Age, CO2 tends to reach a minimum level when the successive glaciations reach their peak. During the last glaciation, which peaked 18,000 years ago, CO2 bottomed out at 180 ppm, extremely likely the lowest level CO2 has been in the history of the Earth. This is only 30 ppm above the level that plants begin to die. Paleontological research has demonstrated that even at 180 ppm there was a severe restriction of growth as plants began to starve. With the onset of the warmer interglacial period CO2 rebounded to 280 ppm. But even today, with human emissions causing CO2 to reach 400 ppm plants are still restricted in their growth rate, which would be much higher if CO2 were at 1000-2000 ppm.

Here is the shocking news. If humans had not begun to unlock some of the carbon stored as fossil fuels, all of which had been in the atmosphere as CO2 before sequestration by plants and animals, life on Earth would have soon been starved of this essential nutrient and would begin to die. Given the present trends of glaciations and interglacial periods this would likely have occurred less than 2 million years from today, a blink in natures eye, 0.05% of the 3.5 billion-year history of life.

No other species could have accomplished the task of putting some of the carbon back into the atmosphere that was taken out and locked in the Earths crust by plants and animals over the millennia. This is why I honour James Lovelock in my lecture this evening. Jim was for many years of the belief that humans are the one-and-only rogue species on Gaia, destined to cause catastrophic global warming. I enjoy the Gaia hypothesis but I am not religious about it and for me this was too much like original sin. It was as if humans were the only evil species on the Earth.

But James Lovelock has seen the light and realized that humans may be part of Gaias plan, and he has good reason to do so. And I honour him because it takes courage to change your mind after investing so much of your reputation on the opposite opinion. Rather than seeing humans as the enemies of Gaia, Lovelock now sees that we may be working with Gaia to stave of another ice age, or major glaciation. This is much more plausible than the climate doom-and gloom scenario because our release of CO2 back into the atmosphere has definitely reversed the steady downward slide of this essential food for life, and hopefully may reduce the chance that the climate will slide into another period of major glaciation. We can be certain that higher levels of CO2 will result in increased plant growth and biomass. We really dont know whether or not higher levels of CO2 will prevent or reduce the eventual slide into another major glaciation. Personally I am not hopeful for this because the long-term history just doesnt support a strong correlation between CO2 and temperature.

It does boggle the mind in the face of our knowledge that the level of CO2 has been steadily falling that human CO2 emissions are not universally acclaimed as a miracle of salvation. From direct observation we already know that the extreme predictions of CO2s impact on global temperature are highly unlikely given that about one-third of all our CO2 emissions have been discharged during the past 18 years and there has been no statistically significant warming. And even if there were some additional warming that would surely be preferable to the extermination of all or most species on the planet.

You heard it here. Human emissions of carbon dioxide have saved life on Earth from inevitable starvation and extinction due to lack of CO2. To use the analogy of the Atomic Clock, if the Earth were 24 hours old we were at 38 seconds to midnight when we reversed the trend towards the End Times. If that isnt good news I dont know what is. You dont get to stave off Armageddon every day.

I issue a challenge to anyone to provide a compelling argument that counters my analysis of the historical record and the prediction of CO2 starvation based on the 150 million year trend. Ad hominem arguments about deniers need not apply. I submit that much of society has been collectively misled into believing that global CO2 and temperature are too high when the opposite is true for both. Does anyone deny that below 150 ppm CO2 that plants will die? Does anyone deny that the Earth has been in a 50 million-year cooling period and that this Pleistocene Ice Age is one of the coldest periods in the history of the planet?

If we assume human emissions have to date added some 200 billion tons of CO2 to the atmosphere, even if we ceased using fossil fuels today we have already bought another 5 million years for life on earth. But we will not stop using fossil fuels to power our civilization so it is likely that we can forestall plant starvation for lack of CO2 by at least 65 million years. Even when the fossil fuels have become scarce we have the quadrillion tons of carbon in carbonaceous rocks, which we can transform into lime and CO2 for the manufacture of cement. And we already know how to do that with solar energy or nuclear energy. This alone, regardless of fossil fuel consumption, will more than offset the loss of CO2 due to calcium carbonate burial in marine sediments. Without a doubt the human species has made it possible to prolong the survival of life on Earth for more than 100 million years. We are not the enemy of nature but its salvation.

As a postscript I would like to make a few comments about the other side of the alleged dangerous climate change coin, our energy policy, in particular the much maligned fossil fuels; coal, oil, and natural gas.

Depending how its tallied, fossil fuels account for between 85-88% of global energy consumption and more than 95% of energy for the transport of people and goods, including our food.

Earlier this year the leaders of the G7 countries agreed that fossil fuels should be phased out by 2100, a most bizarre development to say the least. Of course no intelligent person really believes this will happen but it is a testament to the power of the elites that have converged around the catastrophic human-caused climate change that so many alleged world leaders must participate in the charade. How might we convince them to celebrate CO2 rather than to denigrate it?

A lot of nasty things are said about fossil fuels even though they are largely responsible for our longevity, our prosperity, and our comfortable lifestyles.

Hydrocarbons, the energy components of fossil fuels, are 100% organic, as in organic chemistry. They were produced by solar energy in ancient seas and forests. When they are burned for energy the main products are water and CO2, the two most essential foods for life. And fossil fuels are by far the largest storage battery of direct solar energy on Earth. Nothing else comes close except nuclear fuel, which is also solar in the sense that it was produced in dying stars.

Today, Greenpeace protests Russian and American oil rigs with 3000 HP diesel-powered ships and uses 200 HP outboard motors to board the rigs and hang anti-oil plastic banners made with fossil fuels. Then they issue a media release telling us we must end our addiction to oil. I wouldnt mind so much if Greenpeace rode bicycles to their sailing ships and rowed their little boats into the rigs to hang organic cotton banners. We didnt have an H-bomb on board the boat that sailed on the first Greenpeace campaign against nuclear testing.

Some of the worlds oil comes from my native country in the Canadian oil sands of northern Alberta. I had never worked with fossil fuel interests until I became incensed with the lies being spread about my countrys oil production in the capitals of our allies around the world. I visited the oil sands operations to find out for myself what was happening there.

It is true its not a pretty sight when the land is stripped bare to get at the sand so the oil can be removed from it. Canada is actually cleaning up the biggest natural oil spill in history, and making a profit from it. The oil was brought to the surface when the Rocky Mountains were thrust up by the colliding Pacific Plate. When the sand is returned back to the land 99% of the so-called toxic oil has been removed from it.

Anti-oil activists say the oil-sands operations are destroying the boreal forest of Canada. Canadas boreal forest accounts for 10% of all the worlds forests and the oil-sands area is like a pimple on an elephant by comparison. By law, every square inch of land disturbed by oil-sands extraction must be returned to native boreal forest. When will cities like London, Brussels, and New York that have laid waste to the natural environment be returned to their native ecosystems?

The art and science of ecological restoration, or reclamation as it is called in the mining industry, is a well-established practice. The land is re-contoured, the original soil is put back, and native species of plants and trees are established. It is possible, by creating depressions where the land was flat, to increase biodiversity by making ponds and lakes where wetland plants, insects, and waterfowl can become established in the reclaimed landscape.

The tailings ponds where the cleaned sand is returned look ugly for a few years but are eventually reclaimed into grasslands. The Fort McKay First Nation is under contract to manage a herd of bison on a reclaimed tailings pond. Every tailings pond will be reclaimed in a similar manner when operations have been completed.

As an ecologist and environmentalist for more than 45 years this is good enough for me. The land is disturbed for a blink of an eye in geological time and is then returned to a sustainable boreal forest ecosystem with cleaner sand. And as a bonus we get the fuel to power our weed-eaters, scooters, motorcycles, cars, trucks, buses, trains, and aircraft.

To conclude, carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels is the stuff of life, the staff of life, the currency of life, indeed the backbone of life on Earth.

I am honoured to have been chosen to deliver your annual lecture.

Thank you for listening to me this evening.

I hope you have seen CO2 from a new perspective and will join with me to Celebrate CO2!

--- --- ---

Eftirmli:

Myndband sem nefnist

Confessions of a Greenpeace Dropout
Dr Patrick Moore

Erindi flutt rstefnu ICCC
International Conference on Climate Change
8. jl 2014



Nbelsverlaunahafinn elisfri 1973 fjallai um ml mlanna fyrir skmmu. - Athyglisvert...!

798dc1905650439ef9739c022cbee6cd

Normaurinn Ivar Giver fkk nbelsverlaunin elisfri ri 1973 vegna rannskna skammtafri hlfleiurum og ofurleini. samkomu nbelsverlaunahafa 1. jlsastliinn hlt hann ru sem eftir var teki.

var lauk prfi vlaverkfri fr rndheimi ri 1952, fluttist san til Kanada og aan til Bandarkjanna ar sem hann lauk doktorsprfi ri 1964.

Enginn tti a lta etta fram hj sr fara og hlusta vel normanninnIvar Giaever. Hann talar mjg skrt og tskrir mls sitt annig a allir ttu a skilja vel. Hann er greinilega me brjstviti og frin hreinu. essi heiursmaur er fddur ri 1929.

Erindi fjallar um ml mlanna, .e. hnatthlnun, hkkun sjvarbors, veur og fleira ...

a er vel ess viri a hlusta var.

52b9f100239c392c3ad7567c59c4bf4c

Vsir 15. desember 1973

Vital vi Ivar Giaever um lfi og tilveruna:

http://www.nobelprize.org/mediaplayer/index.php?id=713

Untitled

http://www.nobelprize.org/mediaplayer/index.php?id=713

Interview with Professor Ivar Giaever by freelance journalist Marika Griehsel at the 54th meeting of Nobel Laureates in Lindau, Germany, June 2004.Professor Giaever talks about celebrating being awarded the Nobel Prize, his move from Norway to Canada and the USA (2:03), how he got the job at General Electrics despite low grades (4:39), the reasons why he became an entrepreneur (9:53), his thoughts about research (13:48) and also gives some advice to young students (15:45).


Selabankinn hkkai strivexti um 22% sumar...

man-with-percent-sign

sama tma og laun hkkuu almennt um 3,5% hkkai Selabankinn strivexti um 22% tveggja mnaa tmabili.



Strivextir hafa v hkka rmlega sex sinnum meira tveim mnuum en laun orra landsmanna.

Hkkun strivaxta fr 4,5% 5,5% er nefnilega ekki
1% hkkun, heldur 22%.


v er sp a strivextir veri komnir 6,25% lok rs.
Hve miki hkkun verura fr v sumar?
1,75% hkkun ea 39% hkkun hlfu ri?



Kjarninn:Sp hrari hkkun strivaxta nstu misserum


Rrnun jkla; klnun ea hlnun framundan...?

RSS hitastig juli 2015

Strt er spurt fyrirsgn pistilsins og svari er einfalt: Veit ekki.

a er hugavert a velta essu aeins fyrir sr, srstaklega ar sem hitastig jarar hefur stai meira og minna sta fjlda ra. Menn eru a deila um hvort eitt ri s hlrra ea kaldara en anna, en er munurinn oftar en ekki tlfrilega marktkur v hann er innan mlivissu. Hugsanlega gti ri r ori hlrra lagi me hjlp El Niosem er gerjun nna Kyrrahafinu.

Ekki verur teki tt essum metingi hr um mishl r, en ar sem bloggarinn er vinur vors og blma stendur honum nokkur uggur af hugsanlegri klnun eftir grin undanfari.

Myndin efst sunni: Samkvmt mlingum me gervihnttum (RSS-MSU) hefur engin hkkun lofthita jarar ori san janar 1997. Notu er afer minnstu kvarata til a finna bestu ahvarfslnu (regression line). Smella mynd til a stkka og sj betur. Ferillinn nr til loka jl 2015. Hann er fenginn af vefsu Ole Humlum prfessors vi Oslarhskla (www.climate4you.com), en s er essar lnur ritar teiknai inn hann.



Hafi einhver huga sm grski um essi ml, m benda pistil sem ritstjri essarar su dundai sr vi um helgina, en pistillinn fjallar um ara frttsem nlega var fjlmilum, .e. um hrif slar veurfar. Sj pistilinn:Leirtt slblettaggn - Slin hefur enn hrif.




11878975_10207837021626423_5834415388739750727_o


mbl.is Rrnun jkla endar mgulega r
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Hver var Ingibjrg H. Bjarnason...?


Ingibjorg H Bjarnason frmerki

dag 19. jnverur afhjpu vi Alingishsi hggmyndaf afasystur minni Ingibjrgu H. Bjarnason, egar hundra r eru fr v a konur fengu kosningartt og kjrgengi til Alingis. Verkier eftir Ragnhildi Stefnsdttur myndhggvara. Ingibjrg var fyrsta konan sem tk sti alingi ri 1922.

Ingibjrg var ekki ein jafnrttisbarttunni.Hn var ein margra merkra barttukvenna sem fyrr og sar lgu barttunni li. etta voru sterkar konur og hugaar.Ingibjrgnaut ess a hafa fengi tkifri til menntast, bi hr landi og erlendis. a var frekar fttt essum rum. N er ldin nnurogkonur hafa smu tkifri til menntunar og karlar, en launamisrtti vigengst enn. Jafnrttisbarttunni er v ekki loki.



vefnum Garur.istarleg lsing viferli Ingibjargar sem Jn Valur Jensson hefur teki saman. Me gfslegu leyfi Jnsbirti g a hr fyrir nean me smvgilegum breytingum (feitletrun feinum stum til a auvelda lestur af skj, og feinum lnubilum btt vi). Sj einnig lista yfir tarefni hr nest sunni.



Frken_Ingibjrg_H._BjarnasonIngibjrg Hkonardttir Bjarnason var fdd ingeyri vi Drafjr 14. desember 1867, dttir Hkonar Bjarnasonar (f. 11. sept. 1828, d. 2. aprl 1877, var ti eftir skipsstrand Mrdalssandi), kaupmanns ar og Bldudal, og k.h. Jhnnu Kristnar orleifsdttur (f. 16. des. 1834, d. 11. jan. 1896), sem bi voru af prestum komin. Brn eirra hjna voru 12 talsins, en sj du sku. Hin fimm uru jkunn og tku upp ttarnafni Bjarnason. Voru albrur Ingibjargar dr.gst H. Bjarnason, prfessor heimspeki,Lrus hstarttardmari og alm.,Brynjlfur kaupmaur ogorleifur yfirkennari. Ingibjrg lst upp fr eins til 12 ra aldurs Bldudal, en 1880 fluttist mir hennar til Reykjavkur til a koma brnunum til mennta. Ingibjrg gekk nsta ri Kvennasklann Rvk og lauk aan prfi 1882. Var hn san vi nm rin 1882-84 kvenlegum listum samt dnsku, ensku og teiknun hj ru, dttur Pturs biskups Pturssonar. Eftir a hlt hn til framhaldsnms Kaupmannahfn 1884-5, en var a hverfa heim vegna veikinda mur sinnar. Fr aftur smu slir 1886 til nms msum greinum, . m. leikfiminm og lauk prfi eirri grein vi Institut Paul Petersen; mun hafa veri fyrst slenzkra kvenna til a ljka prfi eirri grein. Dvaldist hn Khfn vi nm og strf til 1893, en mir hennar hlt ar heimili fyrir brn sn sem voru ar vi nm. Enn sar dvaldist Ingibjrg erlendis 1901-3 og kynnti sr sklahald, einkum zkalandi og Sviss.


Hn fluttist heim 1893, var vi kennslustrf Rvk til 1901, kenndi m.a. leikfimi vi Barnasklann, en Kvennasklanum kenndi hn runum 1893-1901 svo fjlbreyttar greinar sem leikfimi, brder, tsaum, lreftasaum, hvtbrder, teiknun, dans, heilsufri og dnsku. tku vi tv utanferarr, unz hn var aftur kennari vi Kvennasklann 1903-6, sustu rum ru Melste sem forstukonu.

Hn var rin sem forstukona sklans 1906 og gegndi v starfi til viloka. "Forstukvennaskiptin uru sltt og felld, rtt fyrir kynslaskiptin. Fr ra vildi, a frk. Ingibjrg tki vi, enda mun hn af flestum hafa veri talin nr sjlfkjrin til starfsins og ekki veri v mtfallin sjlf" (AE). Lsti ra Ingibjrgu annig riti um sklann 1874-1906: "Mr er kunnugt um rek hennar, ekkingu og dugna, hn hefur kennt bi vi kvennasklann og var og unni sr almanna lof." Setti hn fljtt mark sitt sklann, m.a. me tarlegri sklaskrslum og nbreytni nminu, en um lei var nausynlegt a afla frekari fjrveitinga fr Alingi til reksturs sklans, og var sklinn settur nju hsni, sem var reyndar eigu Steingrms Gumundssonar trsmis, vi Frkirkjuveg ann 6. okt. 1909. Var hann n ekki einungis einn fjlmennasti sklinn, heldur einnig "fjlmennasta heimili Reykjavk" vegna heimavistarinnar, og krafist allt etta sem og naumur fjrhagur trustu skipulagningar af Ingibjrgu (AE). var tekin upp kennsla zku, enskukennsla aukin, hjkrunarkennsla hafin fyrir allar nmsmeyjar og sumt verklegu kennslunni og trfri fellt niur, mefram sparnaarskyni; sklareglur voru einnig gerar tarlegri.

ri 1925 var lagt fram Alingi frumvarp til laga um a rkisstjrnin tki a sr Kvennasklann. Voru Jn Magnsson forstisrherra og Ingibjrg, sem sat ingi, bi memlt frumvarpinu, en a a mtti harri mtspyrnu, einkum Jnasar fr Hriflu, og var a fellt eftir riju umru jfnum atkvum. M lesa um etta o.fl. sgu sklans ritinu Kvennasklinn Reykjavk 1874-1974. En vori 1930 keypti sklinn hsi Frkirkjuvegi me stuningi Alingis og Reykjavkurborgar.

Ingibjrg var stuglynd og sndi reglufestu sklahaldinu, bar umhyggju fyrir nmsmeyjunum, var til fyrirmyndar um starfshtti bi sklans og heimavistarinnar og hafi forgngu um a kennsla var tekin upp svo rfum greinum sem hjkrun heimahsum, mefer ungbarna og hjlp vilgum. Hn fr margar utanlandsferir sklastjrat sinni til a kynna sr hi markverasta skla- og uppeldismlum. Hn var fyrsti og eini heiursflagi Nemendasambands sklans, sem stofna var 1937, og sst v, hvern hug og viringu eldri nemendur bru til hennar.


Ingibjrg var umbta-, kvenrttinda- og flagsmlakona. Hn tk yngri rum mikinn tt starfsemi Thorvaldsensflagsins og sat stjrn ess; var hn valin til a halda ru fyrir minni flagsins 25 ra afmli ess. starfai hn miki Lestrarflagi kvenna Reykjavk og Hinu slenzka kvenflagi. Hn tti mestan tt stofnun Hins slenzka heimilisinaarflags 1913, sem formaur nefndar um undirbning og lagasetningu ess flags (arir nefndinni voru Matthas rarson jminjavrur og Jn rarinsson frslumlastjri).


slenzkar konur fengu kosningartt til Alingis me lgum, sem undirritu voru af konungi ann 19. jn 1915, og hefur s dagur san veri htardagur kvenna. a skilyri var sett, a r skyldu vera ornar fertugar a aldri, en v var breytt 1920 kjlfar Sambandslaganna, og hefur san rkt jafnrtti kynjanna a essu leyti. Kosningartti kvenna var fagna miklum fjldafundi ann 7. jl 1915 eftir htargngu um mib Reykjavkur, en hornaflokkur lk undir slenzk lg. Fr fundurinn fram fnum skreyttum Austurvelli, og gekk sendinefnd fimm kvenna inn inghsi og fri sameinuu ingi fagurt, skrautrita varp fr slenzkum konum. Hafi Ingibjrg or fyrir eim og geri a me viruleik og skrungsskap (hinar nefndarkonurnar voru Bret Bjarnhinsdttir, Eln Stephensen, Kristn Jacobson og runn Jnassen). Forseti Sameinas Alingis akkai me stuttri ru, sem og rherra, Einar Arnrsson, og voru konur hylltar af ingheimi me refldu hrrahrpi. Austurvelli sng kvennakr kvi ort tilefni dagsins, lesi var upp skeyti til Kristjns konungs X og drottningar fr kvennafundinum og varpi til Alingis, en san fluttu Bret Bjarnhinsdttir og Ingibjrg H. Bjarnason rur. Var samkoman "ein s fjlmennasta sem sst hafi hr landi, ef ekki s fjlmennasta og aldrei hfu ur sst svo margar og jafn-prbnar konur. var etta fyrsta sinn sem slenzki fninnn var hafur uppi fjlmennri tisamkomu sem viurkenndur srfni slands," en konungur hafi undirrita frumvarp ess efnis ann hinn sama 19. jn.


Konur vildu n minnast essarar miklu rttarbtar einhvern htt, sem vera mtti jinni allri til heilla. r kvu a beita sr fyrir byggingu landsptala. "Me v vri rttarbt essari reistur verugur minnisvari" (SBT). a var Ingibjrg sem hafi forgngu um sfnun fjr til stofnunar sjkrahssins; var hn formaur landsptalasjsnefndar fr stofnun sjsins 19. jn 1915 til viloka. Vann hn a v me oddi og egg a koma byggingu sptalans framkvmd. var hn einnig formaur Minningargjafasjs landsptala slands fr upphafi hans til viloka, en f hans var lagt til framfrslu ftkum sjklingum. akkai Gumundur Hannesson prfessor slenzkum konum heiurinn af v, a sptalinn tk til starfa, r sfnuu me margra ra erfii 300.000 kr., sem rei baggamuninn.


ri 1922 var Ingibjrg fyrst kvenna kjrin til setu Alingi, fulltri hins plitska kvennalista ea C-listans, sem boinn var fram vegum hluta kvennahreyfingarinnar. Var hn landskjrinn alingismaur 1922-30 og skipai sr sti haldsflokknum, sar Sjlfstisflokknum. Helztu hugsjnamlin voru landsptalamli, btt ftkralggjf og eftirlit me umkomulausum brnum og gamalmennum, en hn beitti sr einnig fyrir rum jrifamlum, m.a. eim sem vruu rttarbtur kvenna, menntaml og listir. "Hn leit ekki sig fyrst og fremst sem mlsvara kvenna landinu, heldur ingmann allrar jarinnar" (SBT). Hn var 2. varaforseti Efri deildar Alingis 1925-27. "Hn flutti merkt frumvarp um skipun opinberra nefnda ri 1927. v flst skorun til rkisstjrnarinnar um a konur fengju sti nefndum sem skipaar vru vegum ingsins og vruu almenning. Hn sagi a konur hefu bei eftir v a vera kallaar til samvinnu um fleira en a eitt a kjsa au 12 r sem r hefu haft kosningartt, en n rangurs. essi tillaga hennar ni ekki fram a ganga ingi" (Heimastjorn.is).

Sagnfringur, sem ltur til baka, lsir standinu annig: "egar Ingibjrg H. Bjarnason var kjrin ing ri 1922 voru flestir eirra karla sem stutt hfu kvenrttindin horfnir braut, enda voru rttkustu tillgur hennar felldar, jafnvel umrulaust. a urfti ekki a ra svona kvenrttindaraus. Hr er fullkomi jafnrtti milli karla og kvenna og hefur lengi veri," skrifai Morgunblai ri 1926. Tmar bakslags og andstu gengu gar, og eir tmar stu fram yfir 1960" (Kristn stgeirsdttir, erindi um slenzka karla og rttindabarttu kvenna).

Ingibjrg tti sti landsbankanefnd 1928-32 og menntamlari 1928-34, einnig fjrveitinganefnd efri deildar og lengst af menntamlanefnd. Sama r og hn lt af ingstrfum var nnur sjlfstiskona kjrin til ingsetu, en a var Gurn Lrusdttir rithfundur.

Ingibjrg gegndi fram strfum sem sklastjri Kvennasklans allan ennan tma og til viloka, en hn lzt ann 30. oktber 1941, 74. aldursri. Hafi hn veri afburakennari, strng, en full umhyggju, rttlt skiptum vi starfsflk og nemendur sklans og skildi aeins eftir bjartar minningar. Vi sklastjrn Kvennasklans, eftir frfall hennar, tk Ragnheiur Jnsdttir, sem ar hafi kennt ratugum saman og veri sem hgri hnd hennar.


Ingibjrg var kona aspsmikil og verur jafnan talin fremstu r kvenna sem gfu sig a jmlum, eftir a konum var veittur kosningarttur 1915. Hn var fr kona og viruleg og hlt eim einkennum fram ellir. Hn var ein af eim konum, er settu svip binn (SBT). efri rum snum gaf hn stran sj, 15.000 krnur, til a styrkja framhaldsnm nmsmeyja sklans erlendis. Og erfaskr sinni afleiddi hn sklann a eignum snum a undanskildu v, sem hn nafnai ttingjum og vinum. "Ni v umhyggja frk. Ingibjargar H. Bjarnason fyrir Kvennasklanum Reykjavk t yfir grf og daua" (SBT).
Ingibjrg var gift og barnlaus.


(JVJ)

1923-1931---IHB_

Ingibjrg H. Bjarnason alingi

thingkonur05

Mlverk af Ingibjrgu H. Bjarnason var afhjpa efrideildarsal Alingishssins 9. mars 2005. Ingibjrg var fyrst kvenna kosin ingmaur ri 1922. Ragnhildur Helgadttir, sem fyrst kvenna var kjrin forseti (aalforseti) ingdeildar, afhjpai mlverki sem er eftir Gunnlaug Blndal listmlara.

1924-konurh

haldsflokkurinn 1924

tarefni:

Til hamingju me daginn konur!


Borgaryfirvld Feneyjum tldu framlag slands og Islams gn vi ryggi...

fr_20150430_013809_2

Eru slendingar stundum kjnar?

Ekki er laust vi a. Stundum meira segja miklir kjnar.

essi ml eru grarlega vikvm og eldfim meginlandinu.a er erfitt a tta sg afleiingum ess a gra, a s ekki tlunin.

Stundum skammast maur sn fyrir a vera slendingur.

Af vef Rkistvarpsins:

Tldu framlag slands gn vi ryggi

06.05.2015 - 23:26

http://www.ruv.is/node/896183

"Borgaryfirvld Feneyjum sendu Kynningarmist slenskrar myndlistar brf ar sem fram kom a lgreglan teldi framlag slands Feneyjatvringinum gn vi ryggi. etta kemur fram ttekt New York Times um mosku Christoph Bchel sem n rs Feneyjum.

New York Times hefur brfi undir hndum. ar segir a lgreglan Feneyjum hafi meal annars gert athugasemdir vi stasetningu moskunnar og tali a hn vri mikill hausverkur.

Moskan stendur nrri gngubr vi ski. Lgreglan Feneyjum taldi a erfitt yri a hafa mikla ryggisgslu essu svi - a vri nausynlegt ljsi eirrar hryjuverkagnar sem stafai fr fgatrarhpum.

New York Times fullyrir enn fremur a forsvarsmenn Feneyjatvringsins hafi sem minnst vilja vita af framlagi slands. Enginn fr listahtinni svarai skilaboum blasins egar leita var eftir vibrgum.

Fram kemur umfjllun New York Times a Bchel og Nna Magnsdttir, sningarstjri sningarinnar, hafi eftir etta brf rfrt sig vi lgfringa. Eftir fundarhld hafi veri kvei a halda fram me verki.

Hamad Mahamed, sem a stra bnastarfi moskunnar, segir samtali vi New York Times a moskan s mikilvgt verkefni fyrir samflag mslima. arna gefst okkur tkifri til a sna flki hva slam snst raunverulega um - a eru ekki myndirnar sem sndar eru fjlmilum.

Fram kom tilkynningu Kynningarmistvarinnar sasta mnui a moskan veri yfirgefinni kirkju fr 10. ld. etta er fyrsta moskan Feneyjum en hn er unnin nnu samstarfi vi samflg mslima slandi og Feneyjum.

New York Times segir a Bchel hafi leita mnuum saman a samstarfsaila Feneyjum. egar hann hafi loksins fundi kirkjuna hafi borgaryfirvld banna honum a breyta henni a utan. Hann hafi til a mynda ekki mtt setja upp lgmynd me orunum Allahu akbar ea Allah er mikill.

Bchel hefur sjlfur sagt a hann vilji me verkinu vekja athygli plitskri stofnanavingu askilnaar og fordma, hvar sem er heiminum. "

Myndin efst sunni er af vef RV ar sem fjalla er um mli.


Skrr tengdar essari bloggfrslu:

hugavert vital vi Freeman Dyson prfessor um loftslagsml, hrif CO2, o.m.fl...

dyson-2.jpg

Freeman Dysoner einn virtasti vsindamaur meal nlifandi elis- og strfringa, prfessor emeritus vi Institute for Advanced Studies sem er tengt Princeton hskla. Hann er orinn 91 rs og hefur lifa tmana tvenna, m.a. starfai hann um skei samtmis Einstein vi hsklann. Hann hefur hloti fjlda viurkenninga um vina. a er varla ofsgum sagt a hann er lifandi gosgn heimi vsindanna.

Nlegabirtist vital (video) vi hann veftgfu The Vancouver Sun. Hann fjallar m.a. um hin jkvu hrif koltvsrings grur jarar, loftslagslknin, hrif slar, plitkina vsindum, o.fl.

Vitali er 20 mntna langt og m hlusta a me v a smella hr:
Conversations that matter - Earth is actually growing greener

a er vel ess viri a hlusta hva essi hgvri snillingur hefur a segja vitalinu vi Stuart McNish.

Stutt kynning er byrjun vitalsins, en a byrjar vi mntu 3:00.



Kynning sem fylgir vitalinu:
This weeks Conversation that Matters features Princeton Universitys preeminent physicist Freeman Dyson who says models do a good job of helping us understand climate but they do a very poor job of predicting it.

Dyson says, as measured from space, the whole earth is growing greener as a result of carbon dioxide, so its increasing agricultural yields, its increasing the forests and its increasing growth in the biological world and thats more important and more certain than the effects on climate.

He acknowledges that human activity has an effect on climate but claims it is much less than is claimed. He stresses the non-climate benefits of carbon are overwhelmingly favourable.


Ferilskr Freeman Dyson:
http://www.sns.ias.edu/sites/default/files/files/Dyson_Biography_detailed(1).pdf

Discover: The beautiful mind of Freeman Dyson:
http://discovermagazine.com/2008/jun/09-the-beautiful-mind-of-freeman-dyson

The Economist um Freeman Dyson:
http://moreintelligentlife.com/content/ideas/charles-nevin/60-year-job-freeman-dyson

Ritverk Freeman Dyson Amazon.
http://www.amazon.com/Freeman-Dyson/e/B000APXXEU

Af vefsu Institute for Advanced Studies:

"The Institute for Advanced Study is one of the worlds leading centers for theoretical research and intellectual inquiry. The Institute exists to encourage and support curiosity-driven research in the sciences and humanitiesthe original, often speculative thinking that produces advances in knowledge that change the way we understand the world. It provides for the mentoring of scholars by Faculty, and it ensures the freedom to undertake research that will make significant contributions in any of the broad range of fields in the sciences and humanities studied at the Institute.

The Institute is a private, independent academic institution located in Princeton, New Jersey. It was founded in 1930 by philanthropists Louis Bamberger and his sister Caroline Bamberger Fuld, and established through the vision of founding Director Abraham Flexner. Past Faculty have included Albert Einstein, who remained at the Institute until his death in 1955, and distinguished scientists and scholars such as Kurt Gdel, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Erwin Panofsky, Hetty Goldman, Homer A. Thompson, John von Neumann, George Kennan, Hermann Weyl, and Clifford Geertz."


https://www.ias.edu/about/mission-and-history


Skynsamlegt staarval Landsptala l RV nrri Borgarsptalanum, ea enn betra vi Vfilsstai...

ruv-landspitali-001.jpg

myndinni hr a ofan m sj hve nlgt Borgarsptalanum l RV er, og hve vel hn liggur a umferarum. essi stasetning er miklu mun heppilegri en lin vi Hringbraut, og mun skynsamlegra a nr sptali rsi ar. Nr sptali vi Hrngbraut kostar sjlfsagt vel yfir 100 milljara krna, svo a er full sta til a staldra vi.

Auvita san a byggja sptalann lrtt, en ekki lrtt eins og sptalinn vi Hringbraut hefur veri hannaur. annig sparast sundir fermetrar af tengigngum. Hgt er a spara fjlda starfsmanna sem annars yrfti vi rif essum gngum og til a ferja sjklinga eftir eim milli bygginga. annig bygging yri einnig vntanlega tluvert drari.

lrttri byggingu koma gar lyftur sta fjlda langra tengiganga. rstutt er milli deilda. etta hefur skynsamt flk bent, en ekki veri hlusta.

Me tilliti til umferar er staurinn vi Hringbraut eins heppilegur og hugsast getur. Vonandi staldra menn n vi og hugi hugmynd forstisrherra um a nta l RV fyrir njan sptala, sem allir eru sammla um a rsa urfi.

Svo m ekki gleyma Vfilsstum. Kannski vri a besta lausnin,var er ngt landrmifyrir byggingar og blasti.

Vonandi verur skynsemin ltin ra svo komi veri veg fyrir strslysi sem er uppsiglingu vi Hringbraut. N er lag...

Vifilsstadir


mbl.is Nr Landsptali Efstaleiti?
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Astro-naut og Nautagil...

Mooooonwalk_rjn_3264

Skemmtileg mynder vefsunni Astronomical Picture of the Dayhj NASA dag.

Vsindamenn hafa velt fyrir sr hvernig menn munu fara a v a lifa af bsetu tunglinu. Auvita munu eir urfa mjlkurvrur svo sem skyr, nmjlk og rjma.

Landnmsmennirnir uru a flytja me sr allan bstofninn til slands snum tma, og eins verur me geimfara framtarinnar.

Vsindamenn hafa tta sig v vandamli a lti erum loft Tunglinu, minna loft en ingeyjasslu sumari 1969 ar sem tunglfarar voru a kynna sr astur sem lkjast eim sem eru Mnanum. Hj ingeyingumvar ng loft.

Jarfringarnir Sigurur rarinsson og Gumundur Sigvaldason gfu litlu gili hlendinu fyrir noran nafni Nautagil til heiurs geimfrunum, sem kallast astronaut enskri tungu. eir hafa veri mjg framsnir, v n hafa vsindamenn loks fundi lausn vandamlinu, eins og APOD myndin ber me sr.

Sverrir Plsson tk essa myndsem fengin var a lni hj Vsi af Gumundi Sigvaldasyni, Siguri rarinssyni
og astronautunumri 1969.

nautagil


Takk fyrir framtaki stjrnuskounarmenn...!

797354.jpg

Nokkrir flagar mnir Stjrnuskounarflagi Seltjarnarness sndu fdma dugna og frumkvi egar eir fluttu inn 75.000 slmyrkvagleraugu og gfu grunnsklabrnum um land allt brurpartinn, en seldu almenningi hluta eirra til a fjrmagna verkefni. Fyrir a eru flestir akkltir, ef undanskildir eru feinir kverlantar sem af skiljanlegum stumvoru me dnaskap og skting gar essara hugasmu sjlfboalia.

Stjrnuskounarmenn vildu gefa brnunum gleraugun til minja um atburinn. Af einhverjum skiljanlegum stum leyfu sklastjrnendur Reykjavk a ekki og ltu brnin skila gleraugunum til sklanna...

a er vst margt skiljanlegt hegun manna.

Eftir 11 r verur almyrkvi slu slandi. munu sklarnir Reykjavk eiga birgir af slmyrkvagleraugum og mun Stjrnuskounarflagi geta sleppt eim sklum ef eir endurtaka leikinn, og einbeitt sr a sklum utan hfuborgarinnar og kannski einnig leiksklunum... Auvita yri a ekki skiljanlegt, ea annig...

Lklega vera allir bnir a gleyma leiindunum og gleraugun hirslum sklanna lngu tnd. Vi skulum bara leyfa okkur a fara a hlakka til strax og vera vibin tmanlega, v eitt er vst, tminn flgur cool.

Stjrnuskounarflag Seltjarnarness er raun eina flag sinnar tegundar slandi, enda ba flagar va landinu. Sjlfur hef g veri flagi fr v sustu ld og seti stjrn ess um skei. Takk fyrir frbrt framtak flagar !

www.astro.is

total-solar-elipse-diamondring


mbl.is Hystera adraganda slmyrkvans
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

Norurljs kvld 17. mars...?

morgun klukkan 5:54 barst tilkynning fr Rice Space Institute: RED ALERT.

"This is an alert from the Rice Space Institute...
Value of the Boyle index warrants Condition RED
Trigger Boyle index value: 277.67
This index is based on the ACE Solar Wind data..."

http://mms.rice.edu/realtime/forecast.html

Tluver kyrr sst nna mlum va um heim. Sj vefinnNorurljsasp.

vefnumwww.solarham.netstendur:

CME Impact / Aurora Watch (UPDATED):The ACE spacecraft detected a sudden solar wind increase to over 500 km/s just after 04:00 UTC (March 17). This could possibly be related to the CME associated with the C9 flare from this past weekend. The incoming shock should sweep past Earth within the next hour (04:30 - 05:30 UTC). Sky watchers at high latitudes should be alert for visible aurora displays should increased geomagnetic activity result from this event. A minor (G1) geomagnetic storm watch is in effect for the next 24-48 hours.

CME Impact: Ground based magnetometers detected a geomagnetic sudden impulse (54 nT @ Boulder) at 04:35 UTC. This marks the exact moment that an interplanetary shockwave originating from the sun swept past our planet. The Bz component of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), carried through our solar system via the solar wind is currently pointing north, a condition that could suppress geomagnetic activity. Monitor solar wind during the next several hours. Should the Bz tip south, this could help intensify geomagnetic conditions at high latitudes. Sky watchers should be alert tonight for visible aurora displays.

a er frekar venjulegt a Rice Space Institute sendi t RED ALERT. Venjulega aeins YELLOW ALERT. Hugsanlega vera v falleg norurljs kvld, en ekki er hgt a treysta a.

Uppfrt: klukkan 17:13.

Myndin hr fyrir nean er tmastimplu 17:05.
Miki gengur hloftunum og vafalti norurljs va.


Sj: http://www.spaceweather.com http://www.solarham.net

http://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_upload.php?upload_id=109913

latest

essi mynd uppfrist sjlfvirkt:

latest

"The auroras were insane," says Marketa who regularly runs a photography workshop on the Arctic Circle. She has seen a lot of auroras. "I have never seen anything like this."alaska_strip (1)


Minningar fr slmyrkvanum 1954 og slmyrkvinn 2015...

total-solar-elipse-diamondring

30. jnri 1954 var almyrkvi slu sem sst mjg vel syst Suurlandi, og einna best nrri Dyrhlaey. ar var almyrkvi, en aeins deildarmyrkvi Reykjavk.

gvar svo lnsamur a f a fara me frndflki a Dyrhlaey og njta atburarins einstaklega gu veri. ar var kominnsaman fjldi flks og ar meal fjlmargir tlendingar, v etta vareinn besti staurinn til a njta fyrirbrisins.

Vi lgum af sta fr Reykjavk eldsnemma morguns, v drjgur splur var til Dyrhlaeyjar og vegurinn auvita venjulegur linn malarvegur me vottabrettum. Bist var vi almyrkva um hdegisbil svo eins gott var a vera snemma ferinni. Ferin austur gekk vel og vorum vi mtt vel tmanlega. Eins og oft var allnokku brim vi strndina og upplagt a brega leik fjruborinu mean bei var almyrkvans. Strkurinn naut ess vel.

Skyndilega mtti sj sm snei jaar slar egar mninn byrjai a mjaka sr fram fyrir hana. Margir voru me rafsuugler ea svarta filmu til a deyfa skrt slarljsi og nokkrir me staa glerpltu, en vafalti hafa margir fengi meiri birtu augun en hollt getur talist.

Smm saman stkkai skugginn af tunglinu og brlega hafi hann nstum huli alla slina. N dimmdi um og fuglarnir bjarginu gnuu. essi ntt sem n skall um hsumarikom eim greinilega vart. Spennan x og allir stru gulir til himins. Nokkru sar huldi mninn nkvmlega alla slina og sst einungis bjartur hringur himninum. Almyrkvi slu. Undrunarhlj hljmuu. Almyrkvinn vari ekki lengi. Skyndilegasst ofurskrt tindrandi ljs vi jaar tunglsins. etta var slin a ggjast fram.Mninn og slinn mynduu n hinn frga demantshring sem aeins sst vi almyrkva. Enn meiri undrunarhlj... (Myndin efst er af svona demantshring).

Smm saman sst meira af slinni og fuglarnir tku glei sna aftur egar birti. Mannfjldinn leyndi ekki glei sinni. etta yri gleymanlegt.

Vafalti hefur essi upplifun haft au hrif guttann litla a hann fkk huga himingeimnum, huga sem enn er fyrir hendi. Hann hafi ori vitni a mgnuum atburi sem allt of fir f tkifri til a upplifa.


Daginn eftir birtist skemmtileg frsgn Morgunblainu:

Forsa
Framhald su 2



OKM0078941

Flk fylgist me almyrkva vi Dyrhlaey gegnum svrt spjld ri 1954

Mynd r Ljsmyndasafni lafs K. Magnssonar / ​Morgunblasins. lafur K. Magnsson

g ekki neina ljsmynd fr essum atburi, en nokkrar sem g hef teki af rum deildarmyrkvum:

Slmyrkvi 1999

Myndina tk gaf deildarmyrkvanum 1999. Myndin er tekin gegn um rafsuugler.
Meira hr:Slmyrkvinn a morgni 1. gst 2008

solmyrkvi 1 agust 2008 vid Gullfoss

Deildarmyrkvi slu. Myndin tekin 1. gst 2008 nrri Gullfossi.
Meira hr:Slmyrkvinn 2008




venus-transit-ahb-crop

Slmyrkvi? Tja, etta er reyndar Venus sem skyggir hluta slarinnar.
Myndin er tekin 11. jn 2004 klukkan 07:45.
Meira hr:verganga Venusar

verganga Venusar 2012
verganga Venusar 5. jn 2012.
Fleiri myndir hr:Myndir fr vergngu Venusar
Ekki beinlnis slmyrkvi :-)

--- --- ---

Slmyrkvinn a morgni fstudagsins 20. mars 2015

etta verur ekki almyrkvi eins og ri 1954,
en tunglimun n a hylja 97% slskfunnar.


Stjrnufrivefnum eru frbr myndbnd sem sna vel hvernig slmyrkvinn
gti lti t fr nokkrum stum slandi. Hr er eitt eirra sem vi Reykjavk.

Meira hr:http://www.stjornufraedi.is/solkerfid/solin/solmyrkvi/solmyrkvi-20.-mars-2015/

Slmyrkvi 20. mars 2015 r Reykjavk from Stjrnufrivefurinn on Vimeo.

***

Vantar ig slmyrkvagleraugu?
Stjrnuskounarflagiverur me slmyrkvagleraugun til slu
Smralind helgina 14.-15. mars.

Gleraugun kosta 500 kr. stykki og allur gi
verur notaur fleiri frsluverkefni.

Krkjur:


Stjrnufrivefurinn umslmyrkvann 2015

Slmyrkvinn a morgni 1. gst 2008.

Slmyrkvinn dag. Myndir.(2008)

Tunglmyrkvinn afararntt fimmtudagsins 21. febrar
2008

Stjrnuskounarflag Seltjarnarness

SE2015Mar20T

sun eclipse space

Jrin, slin bak vi tungli og vetrarbrautin


mbl.is Einst mynd af almyrkva
Tilkynna um vieigandi tengingu vi frtt

"M bja r snkaolu"...?

Miki er dsamlegt a koma heim r vinnu dagsbirtunni nna byrjun mars, og enn dsamlegra verur vor og sumar egar bjart verur fram eftir llu og hgt a njta hins slenska sumars langt fram kvld. a kemur svo sannarlega heilsunni lag eftir langan vetur.

Vi urfum ekki a efast um a a flki sem vill seinka klukkunni, ea jafnvel flta henni,n ea taka upp sumartma til vibtar nverandi tma, ea bara seinka klukkunni yfir vetrarmnuina, gengur gott eitt til. Sumir vilja a slin fylgi sem nst gangi slar og hdegi s snum sta, nema kannski sumrin, en margir eru sannfrir um a nverandi stilling klukkunnar s best mi tilliti til missa sjnarmia. Auvita eru ekki allir sammla og slendingar kunna a allra ja best a vera sammla.

Dr. Gunnlaugur Bjrnsson stjarnelisfringur skrifai Morgunblai 25. febrar:

"M bja r snkaolu?

gulli villta vestinu riu loddarar um hru og seldu almenningi snkaolu, elexr sem gagnast tti vi hverju v sem angrai kaupandann, lkamlegu ea andlegu. Uru sumir slumannanna jhetjur, eflaust efnaar, en nlegum krekamyndum eru eir ofast tlkair sem srfringar prettum miskonar.

a virist mannskepnunni elilegt a leita alltaf auveldustu leia r llum vandamlum og helst a geta skyggnst inn framtina. Menn fara til spkonu, kaupa sr kort hj stjrnuspekingi og fleira. sama htt vilja menn geta keypt skyndilausnir llu v sem hrjir, remedur hj hmptum, vvapillur og btiefni alls konar dsum, mrg gagnslaus og sum jafnvel skaleg. a er meira a segja reynt a pranga inn krabbameinssjklinga vitagagnslausum efnum. Snkaolur ntmans taka sig msar myndir.

Undanfarin misseri hefur alveg srstk tgfa af snkaolu veri kynnt slandi. Hn a lkna nnast allt sem nfnum tjir a nefna. a arf ekki a taka hana inn og hn kostar lti sem ekkert. etta er slk undraola a hn ekki bara a lkna nnast alla slrna kvilla sem hrj jina, hn lka a draga verulega r kostnai vi heilbrigiskerfi. sland er allt einu ori eins og villta vestri var, essi undraola er nefnilega hvergi boin annars staar.

g vi hugmynd a me v einu a breyta stillingu klukkunnar muni geheilsa jarinnar strlagast, unglingar htta a vera syfjair og reyttir morgnana og vi slendingar almennt htta a drolla frameftir kvldin. Rkin sem fr eru fyrir essu m draga saman eftirfarandi:


a) Skorti gum ntursvefni ea svefnleysi fylgja msir kvillar, lkamlegir og andlegir. Ekki efast g um a.

b) Skortur vrum svefni stafar af misrmi milli ess hvernig klukkan er stillt hverjum sta og lkamsklukkunnar. g strefast um a.

c) Brottfall unglinga r sklum snarminnkar vi a eitt a breyta stillingu klukkunnar. etta er frleitt.

d) N sast er v haldi fram a seinkun klukkunnar fkki umferarslysum. a er ekki ng me a etta s rangt, heldur er essu fugt fari. Konunglega slysavarnaflagi Bretlandi hefur snt fram a umferarslysum fjlgar verulega egar klukkunni er seinka haustin.

Bretar eru me sna klukku stillta eins nrri slargangi og kostur er. eir glma vi smu vandaml tengd svefni og svefnleysi og vi. Unglingar eru jafn syfjair ar og annars staar verldinni og brottfall lka. Sama er uppi teningnum Danmrku ar sem klukkan er lka stillt nrri slargangi. Svefnleysi og kvillar tengdir v hafa ekkert me stillingu klukkunnar a gera.

Vi slendingar hfum stundum um ftt a ssla, srstaklega skammdeginu. detta okkur msar grillur sem strri jir snast a mestu vera lausar vi. Engum rum hefur dotti hug a alhfa svo strkostlega sem fylgismenn essarar undarlegu hugmyndar gera egar eir halda v fram a breytt stilling klukkunnar s allra meina bt, virki eins og snkaola villta vestursins. a er alvarlegt og byrgarhluti, srstaklega af flki innan heilbrigiskerfisins, a halda v fram og lofa v a essi eina ager s slk tfralausn sem tala er um".

(Hfundur er deildarstjri Hloftadeildar Raunvsindastofnunar Hsklans).

--- --- ---

Hva segir Vsindavefurinn um mli?

Getum vi seinka klukkunni slandi og fengi annig fleiri birtustundir yfir daginn?

"...Ef klukkunni slandi yri seinka um klukkustund fr v sem n er myndi fjlga talsvert eim stundum egar dimmt er vkutma. hrifin yru au a Reykjavk mundi dimmum stundum vkutma, mia vi a s tmi s fr kl. 7 morgnana til kl. 23 kvldin, fjlga um 131 stund ri. Ef mia er vi a vkutmi s kl. 8-24 yri fjlgun dimmra stunda vkutma hins vegar 190 stundir ri...".
www.visindavefur.is/svar.php?id=68760

Ef vi tpum 131 til 190 birtustundum ri vi a a seinka klukkunni, hva er unni ?

Jja, breyting stillingu klukkunnar er v miur engin alhlia tfralausn frekan en snkaolan...

snake-oil (1)




Fyrri sa | Nsta sa

Höfundur

Ágúst H Bjarnason
Ágúst H Bjarnason

Verkfr. hjá Verkís.
agbjarn-hjá-gmail.com

Audiatur et altera pars

Aðeins málefnalegar athugasemdir, sem eiga ótvíætt við efni viðkomandi pistils, og skrifaðar án skætings og neikvæðni í garð annarra, og að jafnaði undir fullu nafni, verða birtar. 

Um bloggi

Ginnungagap

mislegt

Loftslag

Click to get your own widget

Teljari

free counters

lver

http://metalprices.com/PubCharts/PublicCharts.aspx?metal=al&type=L&weight=t&days=12&size=M&bg=&cs=1011&cid=0

Slin dag:

(Smella mynd)

.

Vinnan mn:

Oluveri dag:

Heimsknir

Flettingar

  • dag (23.2.): 330
  • Sl. slarhring: 653
  • Sl. viku: 884
  • Fr upphafi: 692281

Anna

  • Innlit dag: 279
  • Innlit sl. viku: 703
  • Gestir dag: 268
  • IP-tlur dag: 192

Uppfrt 3 mn. fresti.
Skringar

Feb. 2017
S M M F F L
      1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28        

Innskrning

Ath. Vinsamlegast kveiki Javascript til a hefja innskrningu.

Hafu samband