Ng ola irum jarar?

kth_logo.jpg

Strmerkileg frtt birtist vefsu KTH - Kungliga Tekniska Hgskolan Stokkhlmi fyrir feinum dgum.

KTH er virt stofnun, annig a lklegt er a um fleipur s a ra.

vefsunni kemur fram a vsindamenn hj KTH hafa snt fram a ekki s rf leyfum af plntum og drum til a mynda olu og gas.

Niursturnar eru byltingakenndar, ar sem r a a a verur mun auveldara a finna essar orkulindir vsvegar um heim.

Samkvmt Vladimir Kutcherov prfessor hj KTH m draga lyktun a olu og gasbirgir jarar su ekki a tmast, eins og ttast hefur veri.

...etta er nstum of trlegt til a vera satt Halo

Sj einnig tilvsanir Nature Geophysical og Science Daily hr fyrir nean.

Frttin er hr stytt:

Enska: http://www.kth.se/aktuellt/1.43372?l=en

Snska: http://www.kth.se/aktuellt/1.43372?l

[Sep 07, 2009]

Easier to find oil

Researchers at KTH have been able to prove that the fossils of animals and plants are not necessary to generate raw oil and natural gas. This result is extremely radical as it means that it will be much easier to find these energy sources and that they may be located all over the world.

“With the help of our research we even know where oil could be found in Sweden!” says Vladimir Kutcherov, Professor at the KTH Department of Energy Technology in Stockholm.

Together with two research colleagues, Professor Kutcherov has simulated the process of pressure and heat that occurs naturally in the inner strata of the earth’s crust. This process generates hydrocarbons, the primary elements of oil and natural gas.

According to Vladimir Kutcherov, these results are a clear indication that oil supplies are not drying up, which has long been feared by researchers and experts in the field.

He adds that there is no chance that fossil oils, with the help of gravity or other forces, would have been able to seep down to a depth of 10.5 kilometres in, for example the US state of Texas, which is rich in oil deposits. This is, according to Vladimir Kutcherov, in addition to his own research results, further evidence that this energy sources can occur other than via fossils - something which will cause a lively discussion among researchers for a considerable period of time.

“There is no doubt that our research has shown that raw oil and natural gas occur without the inclusion of fossils. All types of rock formations can act as hosts for oil deposits,” asserts Vladimir and adds that this applies to areas of land that have previously remained unexplored as possible sources of this type of energy.

This discovery has several positive aspects. Rate of success as concerns finding oil increases dramatically – from 20 till 70 percent. As drilling for oil and natural gas is an extremely expensive process, costs levels will be radically changed for the petroleum companies and eventually also for the end user.

“This means savings of many billions of kronor,” says Vladimir.

In order to identify where it is worth drilling for natural gas and oil, Professor Kutcherov has, via his research, developed a new method. The world is divided into a fine-meshed grid. This grid is the equivalent of cracks, known as migration channels, through strata underlying the earth’s crust. Good places to drill are where these cracks meet.

According to Professor Kutcherov, these research results are extremely important not least as 61 percent of the world’s energy consumption is currently based on raw oil and natural gas.

The next stage in this research is more experiments, especially to refine the method that makes it easier to locate drilling points for oil and natural gas.

The research results produced by Vladimir Kutcherov, Anton Kolesnikov and Alexander Goncharov were recently published in the scientific journal Nature Geoscience, Volume 2, August.

For more information, please contact Vladimir Kutcherov at vladimir.kutcherov@indek.KTH.se or on +46 8790 85 07.

Peter Larsson

--- --- ---

Sj einnig:

Nature Geoscience:

http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v2/n8/abs/ngeo591.html

Letter abstract

Nature Geoscience 2, 566 - 570 (2009)
Published online: 26 July 2009 | doi:10.1038/ngeo591

Subject Category: Biogeochemistry

Methane-derived hydrocarbons produced under upper-mantle conditions

Anton Kolesnikov1,2, Vladimir G. Kutcherov2,3 & Alexander F. Goncharov1


There is widespread evidence that petroleum originates from biological processes1, 2, 3. Whether hydrocarbons can also be produced from abiogenic precursor molecules under the high-pressure, high-temperature conditions characteristic of the upper mantle remains an open question. It has been proposed that hydrocarbons generated in the upper mantle could be transported through deep faults to shallower regions in the Earth's crust, and contribute to petroleum reserves4, 5. Here we use in situ Raman spectroscopy in laser-heated diamond anvil cells to monitor the chemical reactivity of methane and ethane under upper-mantle conditions. We show that when methane is exposed to pressures higher than 2GPa, and to temperatures in the range of 1,000–1,500K, it partially reacts to form saturated hydrocarbons containing 2–4 carbons (ethane, propane and butane) and molecular hydrogen and graphite. Conversely, exposure of ethane to similar conditions results in the production of methane, suggesting that the synthesis of saturated hydrocarbons is reversible. Our results support the suggestion that hydrocarbons heavier than methane can be produced by abiogenic processes in the upper mantle.


  1. Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, District of Columbia 20015, USA
  2. Lomonosov Moscow State Academy of Fine Chemical Technology, 117571 Moscow, Russia
  3. Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden

Correspondence to: Alexander F. Goncharov1 e-mail:goncharov@gl.ciw.edu

--- --- ---

Science Daily:

Fossils From Animals And Plants Are Not Necessary For Crude Oil And Natural Gas, Swedish Researchers Find

vladimir_kutcherov-2.jpg

“There is no doubt that our research proves that crude oil and natural gas are generated without the involvement of fossils. All types of bedrock can serve as reservoirs of oil,”
segir Vladimir Kutcherov prfessor vi KTH.

(Mynd: Vetenskapsrdet (The Swedish Research Council))


Sasta frsla | Nsta frsla

Athugasemdir

1 Smmynd: lafur Eirksson

J, etta er strmerkilegt.

lafur Eirksson, 10.9.2009 kl. 17:59

2 identicon

Kri sbjrn,

enn og aftur akka g r fyrir vandaa og hugavera heimasu. essi frtt er merkileg og fyrir mig ekki sst vegna ess a fyrir nokkrum rum komu tveir vsindamenn, rssnesk hjn Svartsengi eim erindagjrum a kanna hvortkolvetni vri a finna jarhitavkva og gufutstreymi hhitakerfis. Hrefna Kristmanns ekkir hjnin vel og hafi milligngu um a au fengu astu Svartsengi til rannskna. Hjnin strfuua rannsknum snum Svartsengi tv sumur. Vsindamennirnir, sem starfa/strfuu vi rssnesku vsindaakdemuna Moskvueru miklir slandsvinir og hafa komi margoft til slands og stunda umfangsmiklar rannsknir m.a. suurlandi. Hugmyndir eirra sem au greindu mr fr og sem au hafa birt mrgum greinum (hef lesi tvr)virast mr af sama toga og eirra Svj. a sem vakti huga minn var vel undirbygg og rkrtt kenning eirra og ekki sst a au tengdu fyrirbrigi jarhita og v studdi g au a v marki sem g gat. Niurstaa rannsknanna Svartsengi var a kolvetni fannst bi gufu og jarhitavkva. Eitt af vandamlunum var a agreina "menga" kolvetni, sem kom a nean fr kolvetnismengun umhverfinu a mestu tta frfarartkjum.Hjnin hfu komi sr upp greiningarafer til a agreina "frumkolvetni" fr manngerum kolvetnablndum. g ver a jta a fyrstu fannst mr kenningin grandi, framrstefnuleg og trleg, en Svarnir hafa n me tilraunum rennt frekari stoum undir kenningu essara hgvru rssnesku hjna sem dvldu Svartsengi og unnu slandi svo miki. A lokum man g ekki betur en a kolvetni hafa fundist jarhitasvum va um heimog a tiloka s a au tengist plntu- og draleifum nokkurn htt.Mir jr og skpunuarverki allt er eitt gifagurt undur og jrin hluti af kosmsku ecokerfi.

Albert Albertsson (IP-tala skr) 11.9.2009 kl. 08:22

3 Smmynd: gst H Bjarnason

gti Albert

Krar akkir fyrir mjg hugavert innlegg umruna. Svo m bta v vi a kolefni finnst auvita va himingeimnum. Til dmis kom a vart hve miki kolefni reyndist vera halastjrnunni Tempel 1 sem NASA skaut geimflaug fyrir nokkrum rum. Sj hr Washington Post.

"When NASA's Deep Impact projectile hit Comet Tempel 1, it produced a giant plume of gas and dust far richer than expected in carbon compounds, reinforcing the view that comets may have contributed the chemical raw materials that produced life on Earth....."

Sj einnig hr vefsu APOD.

Svo m iulega sj dkkar kolefnisokur myndum af stjrnuokum:

SGUSnakeLRVB_c800.jpg image by palantirin

gst H Bjarnason, 11.9.2009 kl. 08:47

4 Smmynd: Halldr Jnsson

Sll frndi

segir tindi eins og oft uir.

Einhvernveginn hef g aldrei skili hva jrin hefur geta framleitt miki af lfrnu efni til a ba til allt etta magn afolu og gasi sem sem vi erum bin brenna og eigum eftir jrinni. Hversu mikinn lfmassa arf a framleia? Aldur jarar er ekktur. Er ekki hgt a reikna etta til baka grur, grur rmilljn ofsfrv.,og sj hvort mismunur kemur fram? Kannski bara della mr.

Halldr Jnsson, 11.9.2009 kl. 12:05

5 Smmynd: mar Bjarki Smrason

Demantar munu gerir r kolefni og myndast vi han rsting. Tpast myndast eir r dra- ea plntuleifum. annig a kolefni er til staar. Annars held g a a s rtt a vi bum me a reikna olu af essum grunni inn slenskan efnahagsreikning. En ef Magma Energy er tilbi a greia fyrir etta reiuf, n er kannski rtt a athuga a.....

mar Bjarki Smrason, 11.9.2009 kl. 20:52

Bta vi athugasemd

Ekki er lengur hgt a skrifa athugasemdir vi frsluna, ar sem tmamrk athugasemdir eru liin.

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